The Ross Procedure
The Ross Procedure is a specialized aortic valve operation where the patient’s diseased aortic valve is replaced with his or her own pulmonary valve, known as the pulmonary autograft. The pulmonary valve is then replaced with a human pulmonary valve (allograft or homograft). In young adults or older particularly active patients, this procedure has several advantages over traditional aortic valve replacement with manufactured prostheses (see Surgical Procedure).
The pulmonary valve and a segment of the pulmonary artery are excised. This pulmonary segment will later be placed in the aortic position replacing the diseased aortic valve. The diseased aortic valve and tissue is removed, and the right and left coronary arteries are detached from the aorta.